Roseola or also referred to as viral exanthema or exanthema subitum is a disease with clinical features of the appearance of rashes on the skin due to viral infection. Lately, this disease is endemic among children. Roseola usually attacks children aged 2-6 years, but can also attack children smaller or larger.
Causes of Roseola Virus Rash
There are many diseases that can cause rashes on the skin, but is referred to as roseola is that rashes on the skin caused by a viral infection. The virus causes roseoa there are several groups including HPV, enteroviruses, adenovirus, mononucleosis, and much more.
Generally, in children with roseola in Indonesia do not know what kind of virus penyebabnyanya searched for any viral infection that sparked roseola, will only cause skin rashes for 3-5 days and have no harmful effects.
Roseola is generally transmitted through respiratory droplets or children who are infected. Transmission period is precisely in a phase where the skin rash has not come up with an incubation period of 7-14 days. By the time the skin rash appears, usually the disease is not contagious.
Symptoms of roseola disease generally begins with a fever, sore throat, weakness, lethargy, aches in the body and extremities, and would not eat for 3-5 days and then followed by the appearance of rashes on the chest, face and then spread throughout the body. By the time the rash first appears the child’s body temperature begins to fall. Parents often find the child is no longer a new fever followed by the appearance of rashes that spread throughout the body. The rash will last for approximately 3-5 days and then gradually disappear again. After missing skin rash will return to normal in the absence of the former black (hyperpigmentation). Rash that appears can cause itching or without complaint.
Treatment for Roseola
Treatment of roseola is symptomatic medications, such as hot-lowering drugs, drugs to relieve itching, if there is a child’s sore throat or mouth ulcers may also be given medication to ease the pain. There is no antiviral drugs given to children who have roseola. But the drugs to increase endurance (immunomodulator) is often given so that the immune system both in the fight against the virus.
Because the shape is very similar, we need to distinguish roseola with measles (Morbili) and German measles (Rubella). Measles is inveksi virus in children caused by viruses Morbili. Children infected with measles begins with a fever accompanied by a cough, runny nose, watery eyes, very weak for 3-5 days (prodromal period). After pasa prodromal, appear reddish spots that can be felt starting from the back of the ear and spreads throughout the body and extremities. Typical of measles are fever rises when the spots appear higher and before the rash disappears, the rash will change color to black, and only then will return to normal skin.
German measles (Rubella) has a similar clinical picture over again with roseola. The difference is the type of virus is a virus that infects more commonly known as rubella or German measles. The clinical features of affected children Rubella is also almost the same but Rubella virus infection causing the lymph nodes behind the head more palpable.
Roseola will not directly result in a fatal effect. Generally, children are exposed to roseola treated as not eating, causing a shortage of liquid, or high heat that can trigger febrile seizures. Parents need to pay close attention because if the child was suffering from measles or rash as a result of another disease then treatment should be more appropriate diagnosis.